The Mossad Role in the JFK Assassination Conspiracy
French intelligence officer Herve Lemarr once wrote that:
"President Kennedy's assassination was the work of magicians. It was a stage
trick, complete with accessories and false mirrors, and when the curtain
fell the actors, and even the scenery, disappeared. But the magicians were
not illusionists but professionals, artists in their way."
Since November 22, 1963 many have spent vast amounts of time researching the
assassination, putting forth a wide variety of theories.
Most of the research has been devoted to what one more perceptive critic
described as "a consuming preoccupation [with] the microanalytic searching
for facts of how the assassination was accomplished," while at the same
time, he points out "there has been almost no systematic thinking on why
President Kennedy was killed."
So while people have focused on how many assassins were involved, and how
many shots they fired at JFK and where the shots came from and where the
bullets hit, the real question of who was ultimately responsible for the
assassination-not who fired the bullets, but who sponsored the assassins who
fired those bullets-has been ignored.
Thus, to find out who is responsible for JFK's murder, we have to find out
WHY he was murdered-what motivated those who orchestrated his assassination.
Consider the wide-ranging array of suspects that have been put forth:
. Lee Harvey Oswald, acting alone;
. The Soviet KGB;
. Fidel Castro;
. Anti-Castro Cubans;
. The "Mafia";
. Rogue CIA operatives and anti-Castro Cubans in collaboration with elements
of "the Mafia";
. J. Edgar Hoover and the FBI;
. Lyndon Baines Johnson;
. Former Nazi intelligence officers;
.?The Texas Oil Barons; and
. The Military-Industrial Complex.
Ten years ago, in 1992, a new suspect was added to the list. Former Rep.
Paul Findley (R-Ill.) made the little-noticed but intriguing comment in the
March 1992 issue of The Washington Report on Middle East Affairs that "it is
interesting but not surprising to note that in all the words written about
the assassination of John F. Kennedy, Israel's intelligence agency, the
Mossad, has never been mentioned, despite the obvious fact Mossad complicity
is as plausible as any of the other theories."
What Findley did not know was at that very time I was in the process of
preparing a volume contending that the Mossad role alongside the CIA in the
JFK assassination, was, in fact, the big secret-the "missing link"-that
explained the entirety of the JFK conspiracy.
The Mossad role is what I have also called "the secret picture on the other
side of the jigsaw puzzle" of the JFK assassination conspiracy. My book
summarizing this theory is entitled Final Judgment.
What I find quite remarkable is that while many Israelis today believe that
Israeli intelligence played a part in the assassination of Israeli Prime
Minister Yitzhak Rabin, many of Israel's friends in America have reacted
quite hysterically to my contention that the Mossad played a role in the
assassination of America's president.
In addition, although there are many who believe that the CIA had a hand in
the JFK assassination, quite a few of those same people are fearful of
mentioning the likelihood of a Mossad role. Yet, as journalist Andrew
Cockburn has pointed out:
"There has been since almost the earliest days of the Israeli state and the
earliest days of the CIA a secret bond, basically by which Israeli
intelligence did jobs for the CIA and for the rest of American intelligence.
You can't understand what's been going on with American covert operations
and the Israeli covert operations until you understand this secret
Cockburn's words are a rough overview of the thesis that I have presented in
Although Final Judgment has never been in any major bookstore since it was
first published nearly a decade ago, some 30,000 copies are in
circulation-more copies than more widely-publicized books on the topic. It
is truly an "underground best-seller." It is now in its 760-page fifth
edition, documented with 1,114 footnotes. And on November 9, Dar El Ilm
Lilmalayin, the oldest and largest privately-owned publishing house in the
Middle East released the first-ever Arabic-language edition.
In many respects, Final Judgment is more than a book about the JFK
assassination. It also reveals the hidden global power politics of the last
half of the 20th century.
Final Judgment documents that in 1963 JFK was embroiled in a bitter secret
conflict with Israeli leader David Ben-Gurion over Israel's drive to build
the atomic bomb; that Ben-Gurion resigned in disgust, saying that because of
JFK's policies, Israel's "existence [was] in danger." Then upon JFK's
assassination, U.S. policy toward Israel began an immediate 180-degree
Israeli historian Avner Cohen's new book, Israel and the Bomb, confirms the
conflict between JFK and Israel so powerfully that, Israel's Ha'aretz,
declared Cohen's revelations would "necessitate the rewriting of Israel's
In any case, Cohen pointed out, "the transition from Kennedy to [Lyndon]
Johnson . . . benefited the Israeli nuclear program."
Ethan Bronner, in the New York Times, called Israel's drive to build a
nuclear bomb "a fiercely hidden subject."
This explains why JFK researchers never considered an Israeli connection
until Final Judgment supplied the missing pieces, assembling "the secret
picture on the other side of the jigsaw puzzle."
While all of this presents a strong motive for Israel to strike against JFK,
Final Judgment also documents what Israeli journalist Barry Chamish says is
"a pretty cogent case" for Mossad collaboration with the CIA in the
The fact is that when New Orleans District Attorney Jim Garrison prosecuted
trade executive Clay Shaw with conspiracy in the assassination, Garrison had
stumbled upon the Mossad link.
Although (after his acquittal) Shaw was revealed to have been a CIA asset,
in 1963 Shaw served on the board of a Rome-based company, Permindex, which
was actually a front for a Mossad-sponsored arms procurement operation.
A primary shareholder in Permindex, the Banque De Credit Internationale of
Geneva, was not only the fiefdom of Tibor Rosenbaum, a high-level Mossad
official, but also the chief money laundry for Meyer Lansky, "chairman" of
the crime syndicate and long-time Israeli loyalist.
Chief executive of Permindex was Louis Bloomfield of Montreal, a top figure
in the Israeli lobby and an operative of the Bronfman family, intimate
Lansky associates and leading patrons of Israel.
Permindex was clearly the Israeli link to the JFK assassination, so much so
that Jim Garrison himself later circulated the manuscript for a
never-published novel in which he fingered the Mossad as prime mover behind
the conspiracy although Garrison never otherwise mentioned a Mossad
You may ask why Hollywood's so-called "radical film-maker" Oliver Stone,
whose film JFK was a virtual tribute to Garrison never mentioned any of
I would contend that Stone failed to mention these details in JFK because
the film was financed by Arnon Milchan, an Israeli arms dealer linked to
smuggling of materiel to Israel's nuclear program-the very point of
contention between JFK and Israel.
Milchan's role in the production of JFK is no secret, by the way. He is
listed in the credits as "executive producer," which, in Hollywood parlance,
means that he was the "money man," so to speak, behind the film.
The Permindex link investigated by Mr. Garrison in New Orleans also explains
the "French connection" to the assassination featured in the widely-seen
documentary The Men Who Killed Kennedy, but which failed to tell the entire
story told in Final Judgment. For example:
That the aforementioned Permindex operation (involving Clay Shaw and other
CIA assets often publicly connected to the JFK assassination) was also
involved in assassination attempts against French President Charles DeGaulle
by the French "Secret Army Organization" (the OAS) which itself had close
ties to the Mossad.
Like the OAS, the Israelis hated DeGaulle not only because he gave
independence to Algeria, a major new Arab state, but also because DeGaulle,
who had assisted Israel's nuclear development program, had withdrawn
support, objecting (as did JFK) to Israel's drive for an atomic arsenal.
In the course of my writing of the book, a former French intelligence
officer-Pierre Neuville, the son of the former French consul general in
Jerusalem-revealed to me that he had learned that the Mossad contracted out
one of JFK's assassins-probably a Corsican hitman-through a French
intelligence official disloyal to DeGaulle and who hated JFK for supporting
JFK was also planning a strike against Red China's nuclear bomb program-a
plan scuttled by Lyndon Johnson within a month of JFK's assassination.
During this same period, in fact, Israel and Red China were involved in
joint secret nuclear bomb research with a key player in the Permindex web,
Shaul Eisenberg, serving as the Mossad's liaison with China.
Final Judgment was first to point out that James Angleton, the CIA liaison
to the Mossad, was a devoted partisan of Israel who not only orchestrated
the scenario linking accused assassin Lee Oswald to the Soviet KGB but who
later circulated disinformation to confuse investigations into the
This is a brief overview of some of the more salient points made in Final
Judgment-points that have otherwise been largely ignored in the massive
amount of material that has been published on the topic of the
The response to my thesis has been predictable. Israeli diplomat Uri Palti,
based at the Israeli consulate in Los Angeles, has described my thesis as
Pro-Zionist columnist George F. Will, in a column in Newsweek on Sept. 1,
1997, has referred to the thesis as being "vicious intellectual
The Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith (the ADL) one of the foremost
elements of the Israeli lobby, has repeatedly attacked me in a most
malicious fashion. Most notably, the ADL called me a "Holocaust
denier"-although my book mentions nothing about the Holocaust-this so as to
distract attention from the very powerful thesis that my book does present.
However, one article about the controversy surrounding my thesis and one
educator who has endorsed it, appearing in the Los Angeles Times on November
25, 1996 made the assertion that the thesis was "novel indeed" and that it
managed "to weave together some of the key threads in a tapestry that many
say is unique."
However, as we all know too well, the reason why the theory presented in
Final Judgment is "controversial" is simply because it dares to say
something less than flattering about a foreign nation-Israel.
The truth is that the single tie that binds all of the most
commonly-believed theories about the JFK assassination is the little-known
Israel, however, is the central player whose role has been consistently
The first big question is whether Israel's Mossad would actually consider
assassinating an American president perceived hostile to Israel?
According to ex-Mossad man Victor Ostrovsky, the Israeli spy agency hatched
a plan to kill President George Bush in 1991.
There is also evidence that the Jewish underground in Palestine in 1947 sent
poisoned letters to President Harry Truman because he was dragging his feet
as far as supporting the drive for a Jewish state was concerned. This
information comes from Truman's daughter, Margaret Truman, writing in a
biography of her father.
The point is this: if Israel did indeed consider assassinating Bush in 1991
and Truman in 1947, why should we not also consider the possibility that the
Mossad was indeed involved in a plot against John F. Kennedy in 1963?
And in this context it should now be noted that researchers in the JFK
controversy have repeatedly pointed out the false leads that continue to
Most believe that Lee Harvey Oswald, the alleged assassin, was indeed what
he claimed to be-the patsy-and that false clues had been laid by the real
conspirators to make it appear as though Oswald was an agent of Fidel Castro
or the Soviets or both.
A key chapter in Final Judgment points out that Israel has what I call "a
bad habit"-that is, the use of what are known as "false flags" in pointing
the finger of guilt elsewhere in the course of committing assassinations and
acts of terrorism.
That chapter is a virtual catalogue of this little-known phenomenon, which
is perhaps best exemplifed by Israel's notorious Lavon Affair of the 1950s
in which Israel staged bombings on American and British installations in
Egypt for the purpose of blaming them on Islamic fundamentalist groups and
destabilizing the regime of President Nasser.
Although the American media today promotes the idea that somehow John F.
Kennedy was a dedicated friend of Israel, nothing could be further from the
There was a long history of bitter enmity between John F. Kennedy and his
powerful father, Ambassador Joseph P. Kennedy and organized crime boss Meyer
Lansky, stemming in part from the senior Kennedy's deals with the
underworld. This, however, did not stop the Kennedy family from cutting
deals with the crime syndicate when it came to winning elections.
The Kennedy family's own suspected anti-Semitism didn't do anything to
improve JFK's relations with Israel and its American lobby either. As a U.S.
Senator, Kennedy's intervention in the issue of Algerian independence from
France also drew sharp criticism from the Israeli lobby as well.
Yet, when John F. Kennedy sought the presidency, he was willing to cut deals
with the Israeli lobby-for a price.
By the end of his presidency, however, Kennedy had reneged on his deals, not
only with Israel's Godfather, Meyer Lansky, and his henchmen in organized
crime, but also with the Israeli lobby.
What about the so-called "Mafia" or organized crime connections to the
assassination? In fact, those connections also point toward the Mossad.
If it had not been for international crime boss Meyer Lansky there might not
be a state of Israel today. This is something that Israel would rather be
The evidence firmly indicates that Israel was established as a state, in
major part, through the political, financial and moral support of Meyer
Lansky and his associates and henchmen in Organized Crime. Lansky's
interests and Israel's interests were almost incestuous.
As I've already noted, Lansky's chief European money laundering bank was an
operation directed by one of Israel's founding fathers, Tibor Rosenbaum, a
high-ranking, longtime Mossad officer.
Lansky's intimate (and quite secret) ties with American intelligence
(including both the CIA and the FBI) made the Russian-born Jewisyh mobster
the "untouchable" leader of the global organized crime syndicate.
Meyer Lansky's Louisiana front man, Carlos Marcello, has become a favorite
target for JFK assassination researchers who like to claim that "The
Mafia--that is, Italian-American crime figures--Killed JFK."
Marcello was only one cog in the Lansky Syndicate. Marcello also had ties to
Israel's allies in the CIA.
Two other top Italian-AMerican crime figures-Johnny Rosselli and Santo
Trafficante, Jr. have often linked to the JFK assassination.
Although both Rosselli and Trafficante were major players in the criminal
underworld, both were, in fact-like Carlos Marcello-subordinates of Meyer
Rosselli and Trafficante were Lansky's point men in Lansky's dealings with
Israel's allies in the CIA in assassination plots against Fidel Castro.
In truth, the Jewish presence in organized crime in America is a
little-known phenomenon that the "Mafia"-obsessed media has kept under
What about Jack Ruby, the Jewish nightclub operator, who killed Lee Harvey
Oswald, the president's accused assassin?
Ruby's connections to the criminal underworld are well-documented. However,
what is ignored is Ruby's integral link to the Meyer Lansky Crime
Syndicate-not "the Mafia"- and to Israel's allies in the CIA.
In Final Judgment I have documented additional connections between Jack Ruby
and the state of Israel and its arms-smuggling and financial conduits in the
FBI documents, long suppressed, reveal that Ruby himself traveled to Israel
in 1955 and that while in San Francisco that year, Ruby told a friend,
"After I leave here I'm going to Florida to buy a load of contraband to send
In addition, note that Lawrence Meyers, Ruby's long-time friend with whom he
met the night before the JFK assassination, was a salesman for Ero
Manufacturing, a firm linked to a corporation investigated for illegal arms
shipments to Israel.
In addition, we also now know that Jack Ruby was on the payroll of the
Lansky Crime Syndicate-connected Bronfman family (now headed by Edgar
Bronfman, leader of the World Jewish Congress).
Considering the Bronfman family's intimate ties to the Mossad-sponsored
Permindex entity that played a central role in the JFK assassination
conspiracy, the Ruby connection to the Bronfman family does point toward yet
another Israeli connection to the JFK conspiracy.
The genesis of Israeli involvement in the JFK assassination was JFK's
growing conflict with Israel over Israel's drive to build the nuclear bomb.
While the history books have told us of John F. Kennedy's epic struggles
with Fidel Castro and with the Soviets in the Bay of Pigs debacle and the
Cuban Missile Crisis only in recent years have we begun to learn of Kennedy'
s secret war with Israel.
By mid-1963 Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion hated Kennedy with a
passion. In fact, he considered JFK a threat to the very survival of the
As far as writing specifically about what I have called "JFK's secret war
with Israel," I primarily relied on three sources:
1) The Samson Option: Israel's Nuclear Arsenal and American Foreign Policy
by Pulitizer Prize-winning veteran New York Times journalist Seymour Hersh.
2) Dangerous Liasion: The Inside Story of the U.S.-Israeli Covert
Relationship by husband-and-wife team, Andrew and Leslie Cockburn, both
respected liberal journalists; and
3) Taking Sides: America's Secret Relations With a Militant Israel by
Stephen Green, who has been associated with the very "mainstream" Council on
Foreign Relations and the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
Hersh and Green, by the way, are Jewish. All three books were published by
respected "mainstream" publishing houses.
No honest JFK assassination researcher can claim to be fully versed in the
dynamics of conspiracy until he or she has read these volumes, all of which
make it very clear that JFK and Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion were
at serious loggerheads, to the point that Ben-Gurion believed that JFK's
policy was a threat to Israel's very survival--and said so.
Upon JFK's assassination, American policy toward the Middle East did an
amazing 180 degree turn-about--the most immediate result of the American
This is a cold, hard, indisputable fact not subject to debate. The evidence
is all too clear.
In Final Judgment I pointed out, citing Hersh, that the Israeli press and
the world press "told the world that Ben-Gurion's sudden resignation was a
result of his dissatisfaction with domestic political scandals and turmoil
that were rocking Israel."
However, Hersh went on to say, quite significantly, that there was "no way
for the Israeli public" to know that there was "yet another factor" behind
the resignation: specifically, in Hersh's words, Ben-Gurion's "increasingly
bitter impasse with Kennedy over a nuclear-armed Israel."
The final showdown with JFK over the nuclear bomb was clearly, the "primary
reason" behind Ben-Gurion's resignation.
The drive to build a nuclear bomb was not only a major aim of Israel's
defense policy (its very foundation) and also a particular special interest
The fact is that Seymour Hersh's revelations about JFK and Ben-Gurion have
been easily eclipsed by a more recent volume on the same subject-this one
written by an Israeli scholar, Avner Cohen.
When Cohen released his 1999 book Israel and the Bomb (New York: Columbia
University Press), the book created quite a sensation in Israel to the point
that journalist Tom Segev writing in the Israeli newspaper Ha'aretz,
declared that "Cohen's book will necessitate the rewriting of Israel's
In the opening pages of his book, Cohen writes at length about Ben-Gurion's
special interest in the construction of an Israeli nuclear bomb and the
reasoning behind it.
Cohen has written, in part:
Ben-Gurion was consumed by fears for Israel's security . . .
In his correspondence with President John F. Kennedy in 1963, he wrote:
"Mr. President, my people have the right to exist, both in Israel and
wherever that may live, and this existence is in danger." . . .
Israeli military planners have always considered a scenario in which a
united Arab military coalition launched a war against Israel with the aim of
liberating Palestine and destroying the Jewish state. This was referred to
in the early 1950s as mikre hkol, or the "everything scenario."
This kind of planning was unique to Israel, as few nations have military
contingency plans aimed at preventing apocalypse.
Ben-Gurion had no qualms about Israel's need for weapons of mass destruction
. . . Ben Gurion saw Arab hostility toward Israel as deep and long-lasting .
. . Ben-Gurion's pessimism . . . influenced Israel's foreign and defense
policy for years. Ben-Gurion's world view and his decisive governing style
shaped his critical role in initiating Israel's nuclear program.
On 27 June 1963, eleven days after he announced his resignation, Ben-Gurion
delivered a farewell address to the employees of the Armaments Development
Authority in which . . . he provided the justification for the nuclear
"I do not know of any other nation whose neighbors declare that they wish to
terminate it, and not only declare, but prepare for it by all means
available to them. We must have no illusions that what is declared every day
in Cairo, Damascus, Iraq are just words.
This is the thought that guides the Arab leaders . . . I am confident . . .
that science is able to provide us with the weapon that will secure the
peace, and deter our enemies."
The "nuclear option" was not only at the very core of Ben-Gurion's personal
worldview, but the very foundation of Israel's national security policy.
The Israelis were essentially willing, if necessary, to "blow up the
world"-including themselves-if they had to do so in order to defeat their
This is what Seymour Hersh notes Israeli nuclear planners considered "the
Samson Option"-that, as Samson of the Bible, after being captured by the
Philistines, brought down Dagon's Temple in Gaza and killed himself along
with his enemies.
As Hersh put it, on page 137 in his book, "For Israel's nuclear advocates,
the Samson Option became another way of saying 'Never again," (in reference
to preventing another Holocaust).
All of the evidence, taken together in the big picture, clearly demonstrates
that it was indeed "The Sampton Option" that was indeed the primary cause of
The bottom line is that-in 1963-the issue of JFK's conflict with Ben-Gurion
was a secret to both the Israeli public and the American public and remained
so for more than 20 years at least and still remains so, despite the release
of Hersh's book, followed by Final Judgment and then the book by Avner
Avner Cohen's very powerful book essentially confirmed everything that Hersh
had written but went even further.
Cohen describes how the conflict between JFK and Ben-Gurion was reaching its
pinnacle in 1963 and how, on June 16 of that year, JFK sent a letter to the
Israeli leader that Cohen says on page 134 of his book was "the toughest and
most explicit message" yet. Cohen adds:
The purpose of the letter was to solidify the terms of the American visits
[to Israel's nuclear plant at Dimona] in a way that would accord with these
minimum conditions on which the intelligence community insisted.
To force Ben-Gurion to accept the conditions, Kennedy exerted the most
useful leverage available to an American president in dealing with Israel: a
threat that an unsatisfactory solution would jeopardize the U.S. government'
s commitment to, and support of, Israel . . . The showdown Ben-Gurion was
trying to avoid now appeared imminent.
Ben-Gurion never read the letter. It was cabled to [U.S. Ambassador to
Israel Walworth Barbour] on Saturday, 15 June, with instructions to deliver
it by hand to Ben-Gurion the next day, but on that Sunday, Ben-Gurion
announced his resignation.
Cohen says that Ben-Gurion never provided an explanation for his decision,
except in reference to "personal reasons." To his cabinet colleagues
Ben-Gurion said that he "must" resign and that "no state problem or event
Cohen adds on page 136 that Ben-Gurion had "concluded that he could not tell
the truth about Dimona to American leaders, not even in private."
And this is saying a lot, considering the effort by critics of Final
Judgment to say that Israel and the United States are such "close allies"
that the Israelis would never ever think of doing something nasty to an
American president-even one who was adamantly determined to stop Israel from
establishing a nuclear defense system that the nation's leaders considered
critical to the nation's survival.
I should add that French President DeGaulle's reversal on the issue of what
was clearly critical French support for Israel's nuclear ambitions is quite
significant indeed, particularly in light of what is documented in Final
Without going into all of the details here (which can easily be found in
Final Judgment in very much detail), the fact is that Permindex, the
Mossad-sponsored money laundering and arms procurement operation that New
Orleans District Attorney Jim Garrison unearthed during his JFK
assassination inquiry had also been connected to assassination attempts on
Charles DeGaulle prior to the assassination of President Kennedy.
It is no coincidence that Permindex should be connected to assassination
conspiracies aimed against two foreign leaders who happened to be united in
their opposition to Israel's nuclear ambitions.
In addition, as Final Judgment also documents, based on a variety of
"responsible" sources, the Israelis had yet another reason to oppose
The French president had granted independence to the French colony of Arab
Algeria, an action that inflamed not only Israel, but certain elements in
DeGaulle's own military and intelligence services and brought them into
alliance with Israel against DeGaulle.
Those interested in the specifics of this matter may refer to Final
Judgment, but suffice it to say, there is much more to the French
In any case, what happened between JFK and the new Israeli prime minister,
Levi Eshkol, who succeeded Ben-Gurion upon the latter's resignation is
Immediately upon Eshkol's succession, JFK wrote a letter to the new prime
minister that was evidently even more fierce than JFK's previous
communications with Ben-Gurion. Avner Cohen writes:
Not since Eisenhower's message to Ben-Gurion in the midst of the Suez crisis
in November 1956 had an American president been so blunt with an Israeli
Kennedy told Eshkol that the U.S. commitment and support of Israel "could be
seriously jeopardized" if Israel did not let the United States obtain
"reliable information" about its efforts in the nuclear field.
Kennedy presented detailed technical instructions on how his requirements
should be executed.
Kennedy's demands were unprecedented. They amounted, in effect, to an
Cohen notes on page 159 that: "From [Eshkol's] perspective, Kennedy's
demands seemed diplomatically inappropriate; they were inconsistent with
national sovereignty. There was no legal basis or political precedent for
such demands," Cohen says "Kennedy's letter precipitated a near-crisis
situation in the prime minister's office."
So Kennedy was as equally upsetting to the new prime minister as he had been
to David Ben-Gurion!
Kennedy's pressure on Israel did not end with the resignation of Ben-Gurion.
Instead, it clearly intensified.
Cohen then describes a "November secret meeting" held in Washington, D.C
(November 13-14) between the Israelis and the Americans and says that Israel
"had a broader agenda . . . than the United States was willing to discuss."
Yet, Cohen notes the nuclear issue was so sensitive that during face-to-face
secret meetings between United States and Israeli officials when they were
discussing other issues, the subject of Israel's nuclear bomb was not
The issue was that inflammatory. It was left for future discussion. But JFK
was assassinated eight days later, and the dynamics of the U.S.-Israeli
relationship changed dramatically as a consequence.
The Israeli newspaper, Ha'aretz, published a review of Cohen's book on
February 5, 1999, calling it "a bombshell of a book." The Ha'aretz review,
by Reuven Pedatzur, is quite interesting. It reads in part:
The murder of American President John F. Kennedy brought to an abrupt end
the massive pressure being applied by the U.S. administration on the
government of Israel to discontinue the nuclear program.
Cohen demonstrates at length the pressures applied by Kennedy on Ben-Gurion.
He brings the fascinating exchange of letters between the two, in which
Kennedy makes it quite clear to the Israeli prime minister that he will
under no circumstances agree to Israel becoming a nuclear state.
The book implied that, had Kennedy remained alive, it is doubtful whether
Israel would today have a nuclear option.
I couldn't put it better myself. If this were a court case, I could rightly
say, at this juncture, "The defense rests."
According to historian Stephen Green: "Perhaps the most significant
development of 1963 for the Israeli nuclear weapons program, however,
occurred on November 22 on a plane flying from Dallas to Washington, D.C.,
Lyndon Baines Johnson was sworn in as the 36th President of the United
States, following the assassination of John F. Kennedy.
Green writes: "In the early years of the Johnson administration the Israeli
nuclear weapons program was referred to in Washington as 'the delicate
topic.' Lyndon Johnson's White House saw no Dimona, heard no Dimona, and
spoke no Dimona when the reactor went critical in early 1964."
Thus it was that the critical point of dispute between John F. Kennedy and
the Mossad-dominated government of Israel was no longer an issue. The new
American president-so long a partisan of Israel-allowed the nuclear
development to continue. This was just the beginning.
There is an aside to all of this that should be noted: Final Judgment
documents a Peking connection to the JFK assassination conspiracy, relating
directly to Israel's secret nuclear allliance with China.
Not only U.S. policy toward Israel reversed upon JFK's assassination.
Although it's virtually forgotten, John F. Kennedy was planning a military
assault on Red China's nuclear weapons development facilities in the months
prior to his assassination. However, one month after JFK's death, Lyndon
Johnson canceled the project and allowed China to proceed with the assembly
of its nuclear arsenal.
The big secret is that at the time of JFK's assassination, Israel's Mossad
and Red China's intelligence service were working behind the scenes on joint
nuclear weapons development.
The evidence suggests that "the China card" played a critical (secret)
factor in Israel's participation in the JFK assassination conspiracy. This
is documented in detail in Final Judgment.
I would be remiss in not addressing the question of CIA involvement
alongside the Mossad in the JFK assassination.
By 1963 John F. Kennedy was not only at war with Israel and the Meyer Lansky
Organized Crime Syndicate, but he was also at war with their close ally in
the international intelligence underworld-the CIA.
Final Judgment shows that Israel's chief contact at the CIA, the
Soviet-hating James Jesus Angleton, ultimately played a pivotal role in the
JFK assassination conspiracy cover-up.
In light of the Angleton connection, I should note how he worldwide media
has given great play to the release of a new book that purported to "prove"
that it was the Soviet KGB that concocted the story that the CIA was behind
the assassination of John F. Kennedy.
The book purported to be the inside history of the KGB's secret intelligence
operations in the U.S. and Europe The Sword and the Shield by Professor
Christopher Andrew of Cambridge-described as "one of the world's leading
authorities on intelligence history,".
The book was said to be based on extensive notes and transcriptions
(secretly compiled over a 12 year period) of vast numbers of files from the
KGB archives. The notes themselves were supposedly smuggled out of KGB
headquarters by former KGB archivist Vasili Mitrokhin who retired from the
KGB in 1984 and who then defected to Britain in 1992 after the CIA had
One major problem with the Andrew book is that while it is quite thoroughly
footnoted, with hundreds of references to a wide-ranging amount of material,
it is not always clear (actually, more often than not) whether Andrew is
purporting to cite the Mitrokhin archives as his source or whether the
information he is presenting is Andrew's own interpretation, based on the
material of others.
In that sense, then, while the book is quite skilfully written in such a way
that it appears to present the information presented as having come from the
KGB's supposedly purloined file, that is not always necessarily the case.
It appears Andrew's book is presenting the Mitrokhin archives as some sort
of effort to counter new official histories of the KGB that are being
released by the KGB's post-Soviet era successor, the SVR.
For example, Andrew lashes out at Lolly Zamoysky, the SVR's literary editor
of the new multi-volume official history, as having been "well known" in the
KGB "for his belief in a global Masonic-Zionist plot."
Thus, Andrew's book is effectively an attempt to counter allegations of
high-level Zionist intrigue that has been documented by the official
post-KGB Russian intelligence services.
In that regard, it is quite remarkable to note that in the entirety of this
extensively documented and indexed 700-page volume, there is only one
indexed reference to Israel and not a single indexed reference to the
Mossad, this despite the widely-known fact that the Mossad played a central
role alongside the CIA in its operations in Western Europe throughout the
period that Andrew has purported to describe.
Likewise, in the same vein, there are only two indexed references to the CIA
's longtime counterintelligence chief, James Jesus Angleton, even though
Angleton, who is best remembered for his strident anti-Soviet stance, having
spent decades looking for a "KGB mole" in the upper echelons of the CIA and
for KGB moles in allied Western intelligence agencies-was also a devoted
Israeli loyalist who jealously guarded his role as the CIA's liaison to the
Perhaps the most glaring evidence of outright fraud, per se, in the Andrew
production is the flimsy and quite transparent attempt to absolve the CIA of
any involvement in the assassination of John F. Kennedy and, at the same
time, make it appear as though so-called "theories" linking the CIA to the
crime were exclusively disinformation put forth by the KGB.
In fact, when the news of Andrew's book was first announced in the major
media, most reports focused-sometimes exclusively-on the purported
revelation that it was actually the KGB that was behind the theory that the
CIA was involved in the president's murder. Most people who read news
accounts of the release of the book would probably have gleaned little more
Andrew's book claimed that KGB data purloined by Mitrokhin revealed that a
letter-supposedly written prior to the assassination by JFK's accused
assassin, Lee Harvey Oswald, and addressed to a "Mr. Hunt" (presumably the
CIA's E. Howard Hunt)-was actually a KGB forgery. According to Andrew, the
letter was fabricated in the mid-1970s after Hunt's name came to widespread
public attention over his involvement in the Watergate scandal and then sent
out to independent researchers who were looking into the JFK assassination.
As part of this effort to vindicate the CIA, hinging on the story of the
purported KGB forgery, Andrew spends a great deal of energy spinning a
literary web around the charge that pioneer JFK assassination investigator
Mark Lane was either a witting or unwitting tool of the KGB in his writing
of Rush to Judgment, Lane's ground-breaking critique of the Warren
Commission Report on the assassination of President Kennedy.
Andrew connects Lane to the theory that "the CIA killed JFK" but fails to
advise his readers that never once in Rush to Judgment did Lane ever allege
that the CIA was involved in the president's assassination.
And Lane's book never once, in any way, shape or form, referred to the
apparently forged "Dear Mr. Hunt" letter so widely heralded in the press
coverage of Andrew's book..
While Lane's thesis about CIA involvement was outlined in his much
later-written 1993 book, Plausible Denial, based in part on the information
that came out during Lane's defense in 1985 of The Spotlight newspaper
against a libel suit filed by E. Howard Hunt, the "Dear Mr. Hunt" letter
played no part in the scenario outlined in Plausible Denial either.
In addition, in Plausible Denial, Lane develops solid evidence demonstrating
that the CIA itself fabricated a scenario linking Oswald to a KGB officer in
Since this CIA operation actually took place more than a month before
President Kennedy was killed, this evidence-standing alone-demonstrates
behind question that the CIA was involved not just in the post-assassination
cover-up, but in the planning of the crime itself and in the framing of the
patsy. Needless to say, Andrew addresses none of this.
In fact, the "Dear Mr. Hunt" letter was indeed most likely a forgery but the
question remains as to "who" concocted the forgery, Christopher Andrew's
Andrew, of course, contends that the KGB was responsible, but in Final
Judgment I very clearly suggest that the letter was a forgery and that the
evidence actually points to high-ranking CIA official James J. Angleton as
having been the likely perpetrator.
All of this perhaps explains why Andrew is so determined to suppress the
facts by targeting Mark Lane who singularly did so much to bring out the
truth about the CIA's complicity.
Andrew actually makes the flat-out allegation that Lane received funding
from the KGB at the time he was writing Rush to Judgment, thereby leaving
readers to conclude that Lane's own work was essentially part of a KGB
Yet, at the same time, buried in the massive footnote section of the book,
Andrew himself acknowledges that when Lane supposedly received a paltry
$1500 from the KGB's New York office that "there is no evidence that Lane
did realize the source of the funding" although, in the text of the book
itself, Andrew contends that the KGB "suspected that he might have guessed
where it came from."
In fact, Lane never once received any substantial contribution of this size
from anyone at any time in relation to his work on the JFK assassination.
In addition, Andrew claims that while in Europe Lane made an attempt to
visit Moscow to discuss his JFK findings. Again, not true. During that trip
Lane actually took an outspoken stand against Soviet censorship and human
rights violations during a visit to Bulgaria, where he had been invited to
speak at an international conference of attorneys. Lane so offended his
hosts by his anti-Soviet remarks that they advised him that his best option
was to get out of the country immediately-hardly advice reserved for someone
favored by the KGB.
What is most telling about the obvious disinformation campaign against Lane
by Andrew is the very fact that not a single one of Lane's books (on the JFK
assassination or any other subject) was ever translated and published under
Yet Christopher Andrew has made patently false allegations about Lane's
supposed "KGB connection." The allegations are a deliberate attempt to sully
Lane's reputation and an attempt to refute evidence of CIA complicity in the
assassination of President Kennedy.
As such, it is not unfair to note that Andrew's own teaching and lecturing
has, in fact, been subsidized in part by the CIA, a fact that Andrew's
biography on his book's dust jacket fails to note, but which is mentioned in
glowing terms in promotional materials that have been distributed by his
publisher. The motivations of Andrew (and his ties to the intelligence
community) must certainly raise eyebrows considering just the items that we'
ve considered here.
The CIA, of course, had its own problems with JFK. Just six weeks before
John F. Kennedy was shot, a top administration official warned that a
CIA-orchestrated coup in America was a fearful possibility. The CIA-like its
allies in Israel-had good reason (in its own perception) to want to see JFK
removed from the White House and replaced with Lyndon B. Johnson.
JFK's battle with the CIA over the Bay of Pigs debacle was just the
beginning. JFK was-by the last days of his presidency-not only fighting the
CIA's efforts to involve the United States ever more deeply in CIA but he
was also moving toward dismantling the CIA entirely. The CIA's very
existence was in danger.
This, of course, has brought focus to the CIA as a likely suspect in the JFK
assassination and it was a course of investigation followed by New Orleans
District Attorney Jim Garrison in the late 1960s, for which he received much
abuse by the major media in America.
In fact, as I have pointed out earlier, Garrison had unwittingly stumbled on
the Mossad connection while investigating CIA figures Clay Shaw, David
Ferrie, Guy Banister and others whom Garrison had linked to the JFK
There are other often-mentioned CIA connections to the assassination that
also point toward the Mossad although Final Judgment has been the only
volume to explore those Mossad connections.
Note for example that a former mistress of Fidel Castro, CIA asset Marita
Lorenz, testified that longtime CIA operative Frank Sturgis, famous as an
anti-Castro activist, told her after the assssination that he had been
involved in the JFK assassination.
Based on his own extensive study of the JFK assassination Cuba's former
chief of counterintelligence, General Fabian Escalante Escalante, told
journalist Claudia Furiati that Cuban intelligence had determined that, in
fact, "Sturgis was in charge of communications-receiving and transmitting
information on the movement at Dealey Plaza and the motorcade to the
shooters and others."
If Sturgis was involved in the actual mechanics of the assassination, the
historical evidence suggests that Sturgis could have been functioning as a
knowing Mossad tool in the conspiracy.
The truth is that going back some fifteen years prior to the JFK
assassination, Sturgis had worked for the Mossad.
Sturgis was a "Hagannah mercenary during the first (1948) Israeli-Arab war,"
and Sturgis also had a girlfriend in Europe in the 1950s who worked for
Israeli intelligence and with whom he worked. Sturgis himself said that he
assisted his girlfriend as a courier in Europe in a number of her endeavors
on behalf of the Mossad.
It was also well known among anti-Castro Cuban exiles that Sturgis had also
worked for the Mossad and had done so for a long period of time.
In addition, during the heyday of the CIA's anti-Castro operations in Miami
in which Sturgis and E. Howard Hunt were key figures, some 12 to 16 Mossad
agents worked out of Miami under the command of Mossad Deputy Director
Yehuda S. Sipper, their influence reaching throughout Latin America and the
Citing a 1976 CIA memo, Professor John Newman who has investigated CIA
knowledge of Lee Harvey Oswald's activities, says that Sturgis founded the
International Anti-Communist Brigade and that "the backers of Sturgis' group
have never been fully established."
Information outlined by a number of sources suggests that Sturgis' group
could have been an off-shoot of the Mossad's Miami-based operations,
intertwined with Sturgis' own CIA-sponsored intrigue in the same sphere of
In fact, a unit of Sturgis' Brigade was CIA contract agent Gerry Patrick
Hemming's so-called "Interpen" that operated outside New Orleans and Sturgis
was connected with those Interpen operations.
Those activities around New Orleans are known to have involved two of the
key players surrounding Lee Harvey Oswald prior to the JFK assassination:
CIA contract agents Guy Banister and David Ferrie.
In fact, there is an Israeli connection to Interpen. According to Hemming
himself, Interpen's "most important contact in the United States" was New
York financier, Theodore Racoosin, whom Hemming described as "one of the key
founders of the state of Israel."
After having read Final Judgment, Hemming frankly told the author that
although he personally has seen no evidence that convinces him the Mossad
participated directly in the JFK assassination, he did say that "I have
known since the late 1960s that the Mossad was aware of the JFK murder even
before it happened, and they later did a full investigation on the matter
and have since retained all such files." [Emphasis added.]
In any case, we not only find CIA asset Clay Shaw of New Orleans tied to the
Mossad through his association with the Permindex operation (as were
Banister and Ferrie), but we also find two other CIA-connected players in
the anti-Castro operations out of New Orleans (Sturgis and Hemming) were in
the Mossad's sphere of influence. And Lee Harvey Oswald is tied to all of
the key players involved.
In any event, there is no question that, based on the facts about Sturgis
that we now do know that at least one person who has reportedly confessed to
actual involvement in the JFK assassination-Frank Sturgis-did have multiple
longtime links to the Mossad for many years prior to (and after) the time of
the JFK assassination.
The influence of Israel and its lobby over the American media would have
made it difficult for anyone who even suspected that Israel had a hand in
the JFK assassination to get the word out. The media promoted the
conclusions of the Warren Commission and savaged its critics. And when the
media did place the blame it was on Fidel Castro and then, later, on "the
In addition, the CIA played a major part in shaping media coverage of the
JFK assassination-not to mention other major events of recent history.
Through a project initiated on April 1, 1967, the [Central Intelligence]
Agency directed its "propaganda assets" in the field to take actions to
discredit critics of the Warren Commission Report on the Kennedy
assassination through books reviews and feature articles, not only attacking
their conclusions but suggesting that they were subversively motivated.
What about the Warren Commission that investigated-most would say "covered
up" the truth about the assassination?
Please note of the 22 Warren Commission staff attorneys, fully nine of them
were Jewish. Another was married to a Jewish woman. Additionally, several
others had known, intimate connections to the Israeli lobby in America.
One of the commission's most active members-Rep. Gerald R. Ford
(R-Mich.)-was the protege of Max Fisher, a millionaire businessman with
close ties to both the Mossad and the Lansky Crime Syndicate. Another, John
McCloy, was connected to the Bronfman family, sponsors of the aforementioned
Permindex entity, and to the international Jewish Warburg banking empire.
Of course, The Washington Post, The New York Times, and a host of other
"responsible" newspapers have NOT reviewed Final Judgment, although I have
sent them copies.
Yet, in this regard I cannot help but note that when on November 22, 1964
The Washington Post drafted someone to write what turned out to be a
favorable review of The Warren Commission Report, accompanied by negative
reviews of several books critical of the report, the Post chose Eugene
Rostow, then dean of the Yale Law School. Here's what the prestigious Dean
Rostow wrote of the Warren Report: Bear with me. This is "too much": Rostow
The Report is a masterly and convincing state paper. It has the high polish
of legal writing at its best, carefully composed, terse, restrained and
meticulous. [It has] a detached and judicious tone . . .
But here's the catch . . .
What neither The Washington Post nor Rostow revealed was that it was Rostow
himself who was the first person to suggest to President Johnson that such a
commission as the Warren Commission be established!
And by the way, just for the record, if the Mossad did have a hand in the
JFK assassination, you can be certain Rostow would have never written about
it. Here's why:
Rostow has been a board member of the Jewish Institute for National Security
Affairs, which has been described as being "run by individuals closely
identified with Israeli interests and may be regarded as a virtual lobbying
organization for the state of Israel."
Of course, the murder in 1968 of Sen. Robert F. Kennedy, younger brother of
the slain president, was vital to the continuing cover-up of the truth about
the JFK assassination.
If RFK had made it to the White House he would finally have had the power to
bring his brother's killers to justice.
The slaying of Robert F. Kennedy links not only Israel and its allies in the
CIA but also SAVAK, the secret police of the Shah of Iran. SAVAK was a joint
creation of the CIA and the Mossad, along with British intelligence, and
cooperated closely with those agencies on many fronts-including the RFK
assassination. This is explored in the pages of Final Judgment.
The connection between the Kennedy assassination and the Watergate affair
that toppled Richard Nixon has been the basis for an incredible amount of
misinformation and disinformation since the fall of President Nixon in 1974.
There is indeed a Watergate Connection to the JFK assassination but it's one
that even the most intrepid JFK assassination researchers have somehow
seemed to miss.
The true Dallas-Watergate Connection is the long-hidden role of Israel's CIA
man, James Jesus Angleton-the prime CIA mover not only behind the JFK
assassination but also the forced resignation of Richard M. Nixon. This is
also explored in Final Judgment.
I was frankly astounded myself at the amount of material that emerged which
did support my thesis. At the same time, though, there is absolutely no
"evidence" of any kind to REFUTE my thesis. Only opinion, as in, "Oh, Israel
would never do anything like that!"
Although I did keep thinking until almost the very end of the writing
process that I would perhaps find some fact that would contradict my thesis,
I never found any such information.
Instead, in the ten years that have passed since I was working on the first
draft of the book, I have found a wealth of new information that solidifies
and expands upon what had already been published.
The very strength of my book, according to many readers who are familiar
with other data on the JFK assassination, is that it shows how all of the
more familiar theories about the assassination are connected-and that
connection is indeed the Israeli connection.
To this day, eight years after the release of the book:
. No one has been able to rebut the thesis, misquoted any of my sources or
quoted any of my sources out of context.
. No one has been able to demonstrate where any of the key points in my
thesis are refuted by other information.
. No one has has cited any specific errors (relevant to the thesis) that
would contradict my thesis.
In the book I have pointed out the minor errors that have appeared in
previous editions and challenged my readers: "Show Me Where I'm Wrong." But
none have done so.
Considering the energetic and very public efforts of theJewish ADL to defame
this book, one would think that the ADL would assemble a crack team of
researchers to tear the book apart. And bear in mind that if the book were
that insignificant, the ADL would not pay Final Judgment the attention that
But the ADL refuses to debate me. People should ask "why?"
A reader of Final Judgment met famed CBS Newsman Mr. Cronkite at Martha's
Vineyard. He apprised Cronkite of the theory put forth in Final Judgment,
and Cronkite listened carefully.
Looking out to sea, Cronkite remarked quite succinctly: "I can't think of
any group-with the exception of Israeli intelligence-that would have been
able to keep the JFK assassination conspiracy under wraps for so long."
This is our final judgment: Israel's Mossad was a primary (and critical)
behind the scenes player in the conspiracy that ended the life of John F.
Kennedy. Through its own vast resources and through its international
contacts in the intelligence community and in organized crime, Israel had
the means, it had the opportunity, and it had the motive to play a major
frontline role in the crime of the century-and it did.
The evidence demonstrates that there is a very strong foundation for my
It is a scenario that does make sense, much to the dismay of my critics.
I believe this scenario comes closer than anything yet written in
summarizing the entirety of the JFK assassination conspiracy.
Final Judgment takes a new look at a very big jigsaw puzzle that displays a
remarkably complex and somewhat murky picture.
On the immensely confusing picture on the front of the puzzle are all of the
various groups and individuals implicated in the JFK assassination
However, when you turn the puzzle over, you find one complete picture-and
that's a big and very clear picture of the Israeli flag.
All the other flags on the front of the puzzle are, in intelligence jargon,
"false flags," and Final Judgment proves just that.
Final Judgment encapsulates a thesis that they can't discredit. The genie is
out of the bottle and neither Final Judgment nor its thesis are about to go
A few words about Final Judgment!
This book is the smoking gun that's been hidden for the last 30 years. I
have read the book and Piper has his facts in order. It's no wonder the
establishment doesn't want the American people to see this explosive book.
Piper has found the truth, while finishing up the job Jim Garrison started
...with things the New Orleans DA never had a chance to fully investigate.
You will be shocked and amazed at how clever the assassination was covered
up and you will learn of the players who have remained hidden for all of
these years. Piper deserves a patriotic award, but instead has faced the
name calling by those hell bent on protecting their sacred calf. Any person
that loves America must read this book...it is in the interest of our nation
and our children's future. If I were to rate this book on a scale of 1-10,
I would have to give "Final Judgment" an honest ten. Thank you Michael
Collins Piper, you are an American Patriot!
Final Judgment is available at US $25 per copy from THE BARNES REVIEW, PO
Box 15877, Washington, D.C. 20003 or you can order online right now by
going to this link and typing in "Michael Collins Piper" in the search box
http://www.barnesreview.org/store/commerce.cgi or if you would like, you
can order by calling 1-877-773-9077. Michael Collins Piper may be
reached c/o AMERICAN FREE PRESS, 1433 Pennsylvania Avenue, SE, Washington,
DC 20003; or at (202) 544-5977 or via e-mail at: pip...@lycos.com
Piper made his presentation during the First International Conference on
Global Problems of World History held in Moscow, Russia, January 26-27,
2002. The conference was co-sponsored by the Moscow-based Board of Editors
of The Encyclopedia of Russian Civilization, chaired by Dr. Oleg Planotov,
and the Washington, D.C.-based history magazine, The Barnes Review, of which
Piper is a contributing editor.
IT'S A SAD DAY FOR AMERICA... WHEN PIPER HAD TO GO TO MOSCOW TO BE
HEARD...WHILE THE AMERICAN MEDIA HAS DONE IT'S BEST TO COVER-UP THIS BOOK.
LOOK AT THE FACTS ABOUT WHO CONTROLS THE MEDIA!